Assessing the Effect of N-Power Schemes on Youth Unemployment in FCT Abuja, from 2017-2021


    An economy where a significant number of working-age individuals are unemployed calls for youth restiveness, consequently endangering development. In Nigeria, 40.1 percent of the total population were classified as poor, according to the National Bureau of Statistics in 2019. In other words, on average, 4 out of 10 individuals in Nigeria have real per capita expenditures below 137,430 Naira per year. This translates to over 82.9 million Nigerians who are considered poor by national standards. This is why addressing the issue of employment generation becomes very vital in Nigeria. This study aimed to assess the effect of the N-Power scheme on youth unemployment in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) Abuja, focusing on the local areas of Abaji, Kuje, and Kwali. The population of the study comprised twenty-three thousand, eight hundred, and seventy (23,870) N-power beneficiaries, with a sample size of 377 participants determined using the Krejcie and Morgan (1970) formula. Questionnaire was used for data collection, and a simple random sampling method was employed to select the participants. Multiple regression was used to test the hypotheses. The N-Power scheme components considered in this study were N-Teach and N-Build. The research utilized Empowerment Theory as its underlying framework. The results of the study indicated that all the two hypotheses tested showed positive and significant correlations with youth unemployment in FCT Abuja. The N-Power scheme, encompassing N-Teach and N-Build, demonstrated the potential to positively impact youth unemployment rates in the region. Based on the findings, this study recommends that present and future administrations prioritize and encourage the implementation of youth empowerment programs, such as N-Power, as effective tools to address youth restiveness and unemployment. The program's success in promoting skills development, job placements, and entrepreneurial opportunities can play a crucial role in reducing youth unemployment and fostering socio-economic growth in FCT Abuja and beyond.

    Keywords: N-Teach, N-Build, N-Power, Unemployment, Youth  

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    author/A. Adeyanju, Prof. A. Anyebe & Prof. H. Yerima 

    journal/FUJPAM Vol. 2, No. 1